Have you ever wondered what the hell is happening inside your stomach during the periods that cause you pain? Did you try anything that helped you get over it but was not able to? Do not worry, we are here to help you destroy menstrual cramps through our knowledge.
What causes menstrual cramps?
5 out of 10 women experience menstrual cramps (also known as dysmenorrhea) during the initial days of the menstrual period. It occurs due to the contraction of the uterus muscles. The impact causes pain in other regions of a woman’s body too that include the lower back and thighs. 2 out of 10 women also experience heavy headache and vomiting as a result of the menstrual cramp. There are several reasons behind this pain during menstruation. We have listed some of them in brief.
PMS: 9 out of every 10 women experience PMS which is elaborated as ‘premenstrual syndrome.’ It starts before periods and stays as long as one or two days of the menstrual cycle. Doctors predict that the cause for PMS would be the sudden declination in the level of estrogen and progesterone. The symptoms include stress, irritation, headache, and chronic pain.
PMDD: 1 out of every 10 women experience PMDD which is elaborated as ‘premenstrual dysphoric disorder.’ It is the severe stage of PMS. The symptoms are similar to PMS but are more intense. Medical studies show that women under more stress and depression are often prone to PMDD.
Fibroids: Fibroids are soft structures that grow on the uterine lining. Its size largely differs according to each individual and their body. It is found to appear in the pregnancy periods and goes away after menopause. The fibroids are often responsible for the cause of heavy flow and menstrual cramps.
Ovarian cysts: In many women, ovarian cysts are formed in the ovaries at the time of ovulation. During menstrual flow, it fades naturally. But in a few women, it may not. It remains in the ovaries causing heavy flow and menstrual cramps.
In most of the times, ovarian cysts are caused due to PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome). The symptoms for PCOS include irregular periods, excess hair growth on the face & other body parts, huge weight gain, etc.
Pelvic inflammatory disease: Pelvic inflammatory disease which is also known as PID is caused when the uterus and ovaries get infected. It is caused as a result of the transmission of sexually transmitted bacteria that enters the reproductive organs. The symptoms of PID are often unnoticeable or not shown at all. In a few cases, it causes menstrual cramps.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where the endometrium (the uterine lining) overgrows reaching other parts of the body. It causes heavy blood flow, irritation, inflammation, and finally results in menstrual cramps.
Adenomyosis: Adenomyosis is a condition where the endometrium turns into urine muscles. It causes severe cramps that are unbearable. Women who have undergone urine surgeries have a higher risk of developing it.
3 ways to avoid menstrual cramps:
Here are the 3 easy ways to avoid menstrual cramps and have a happy menstrual period without pain.
- Drinking more hot water: Bloating is a common issue faced during periods that causes pain and irritation. Drinking hot water can reduce bloating, increase blood flow, relax the muscles, and reduce the pain.
- Heat treatment: Mostly, women use hot bags during periods to comfort the pain. It helps the muscle to relax its tension that relieves the pain. To get the best results, taking a hot shower bath is recommended.
- Yoga exercises: It sounds impossible to exercise during menstruation. But yoga does not take much of your efforts. Simple positions like lying on the mat with legs stretched facing the ceiling can greatly help you in reducing the pain. Practicing yoga regularly is recommended to prevent pain during periods.
Now that you know the causes and the cure for menstrual cramps, try the 3 easy ways that are mentioned in this article to get the best results. Also, avoid eating junk foods during your periods to get rid of the cramps.